In this post, we discuss, “Exotic Cattle Breeds”. Continue reading to learn more about it.
Centuries of selective breeding, which was sped in the latter part of the process by the use of modern breeding methods, has contributed to the development of some of the most exceptional dairy cattle breeds in western countries. These breeds maintain a very high standard in terms of milk production, age at maturity, and breeding efficiency, all of which are exceptional. They are provided with adequate nutrition and well-supervised care so that they can express themselves freely. Some of these breeds have been introduced in India for the purpose of cross-breeding in order to increase the genetic potential of our cattle for milk production. Slowly but steadily, this method is gaining popularity and has begun to have an impact on our dairying operations. A number of noteworthy exotic breeds are discussed in this article.
Jersey cattle are a breed that originated on the island of Jersey in the English Channel. Jersey cows range in color from bright red to black, and their markings range from white spotted to full white. The muzzle is black with a light surrounding ring around the outside of it. Cows are relatively tiny in stature, with udders that are well formed and appropriately positioned. The teats are arranged in a straight line. This breed has an average lactation yield of 4,055 kg per year. Milk is bright yellow in color and contains 5.4 percent fat. Adult cows weigh approximately 500 kg, with males weighing 600 to 700 kg. Early maturity of heifers produces a calf between the ages of 30 months and 30 months and has a regular calving interval of 12 – 13 months thereafter.
2. Holstein Friesian
This breed originated in the Netherlands, specifically in the provinces of North Holland and West Fineland, and is now found around the world. Animals of this breed are tough and have big feeding capacity as well as large udders. They are alert and full of energy. Holstein is predominantly black and white in color, with varying amounts of black and white ranging from white with a few black spots to almost completely black in color. The switch is always illuminated in white.
The breed is extensively distributed in Western Europe, England, Canada, Australia, North and South America, and South Africa, among other places. This breed is often regarded as the most productive milk producer on the planet. The cows are placid and gentle, while the males can be aggressive and aggressive.
They are heavy milk producers, producing an average of 6,500 kg of milk every lactation. They have a low fat content in their milk on a general basis (3.0 to 3.5 per cent). The animals are huge in stature, with adult males weighing approximately 800 to 900 kg and adult females weighing approximately 500 to 650 kg.
Because they are the least heat tolerant of the species, they may not function well in tropical climates. They are capable of maintaining output at temperatures as low as 32 degrees Fahrenheit, however temperatures above 82 degrees Fahrenheit result in decreased milk production.
3. Brown Swiss
The origins of this Swiss breed can be traced back to the east and north of the Alps. However, they can now be found in almost every country in the world. There are several shades of color that range from fawn to practically black. The muzzle, as well as a stripe running along the backbone, are pale in color. The nose, switch, and horn tips are all made of black plastic. The animals are quite enormous in stature, and their constitution and hardiness are exceedingly robust and durable. In its native land, the breed serves as a triple-purpose animal, producing milk, meat, and draught. Typical characteristics of this breed include broad bones and a large head that is generally disheveled. The breed is peaceful, gentle, and easy to train and maintain. Calves are born virtually white and gradually get darker as they grow older. Adult males weigh approximately 700 to 800 kg, while adult females weigh approximately 500 to 600 kg. A Brown Swiss cow produces around 5,250 kg of milk per year, with 4.2 percent fat content on average. In each lactation, females give birth to their first calf between 28 and 30 months after conception, and following that, they give birth at a normal calving interval of 13 to 14 months.
Exotic Cattle Breeds
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